Vanda Zaborskaitė (1922 – 2010) yra lietuvių literatūros kritikė ir istorikė. 1961 m. jis buvo pašalinta iš Vilniaus universiteto lietuvių literatūros katedros ir pradėjo dirbti Lietuvos istorijos institute. Nuo 1988 m. V. Zaborskaitė aktyviai dalyvavo Sąjūdžio veikloje, aktyvia prisidėjo rengiant naują švietimo koncepciją. 1988 m. spalį dalyvavo Sąjūdžio seimo veikloje.
Zaborskaitė ir Maironio (1862-1932) biografijos autorė. Kultūrinės opozicijos prasme jos gyvenimas ir veikla yra įdomus dėl trijų priežasčių. Visų pirma, XX a. 6 ir 7 dešimtmetyje ji dirbo VU lietuvių literatūros katedroje. Tuo metu ši katedra buvo valdžios stipriai kritikuojama. Zaborskaitė priskiriama vadinamoms „raganoms“ – literačių grupei, kuri buvo priversta palikti Vilniaus universitetą. Antra, jos domėjimosi sritis apėmė Maironio kūrybą. Nors šio poeto kūryba nebuvo draudžiama sovietinėje Lietuvoje, jos vertinimai iš ideologijos pusės dažnai buvo neigiami. Trečia, Zaborskaitė nuo pat vaikystės buvo religinga ir palaikė glaudžius ryšius su katalikų kunigais.
Sovietmečiu sueigų ir susitikimų pas Zaborskaitę metu intelektualai pakankamai laisvai kalbėjo ir diskutavo politikos ir kultūros temomis, dalinosi savo nuomonėmis ir aptardavo būdus, kaip paremti kultūrines iniciatyvas.
- Vilnius , Lithuania
He exhibited during the GDR period at the Sophienstr. 8 Gallery in Berlin, the School of Arts in Dresden (Kunsthochschule Dresden), Gallery for Young Arts in Frankfurt Oder (Galerie für Junge Kunst), White Elephant Gallery (Galerie zum Weissen Elefanten), and the Palace of the Republic, among others. Following his exhibition in 1984 at the Palace of the Republic, his installation Psychedelica Maschinka was confiscated and later returned to the artist.
By 1980, he had retreated to Babe, where he set up a summer atelier which eventually, in 1984, became an art house and a place for artistic engagement. Following the regime change, the art house was turned into a museum, moving in 1997 to Gantikow, Brandenburg, where the artist has actively engaged in organizing exhibitions, international arts festivals, summer camps, workshops, and symposia. The period of the foundation of the museum corresponded with the foundation of the German Historical Museum in Berlin. Zabka's new museum was an artistic response to the official engagement with the recent past, which is the reason why the museum was envisioned as a German Historical Museum of Lies (Deutsches Historisches Lügenmuseum).
Currently, the artist manages the Museum of Lies and continues to participate in various exhibitions and projects in Germany and internationally. Among his international projects, one can note his contribution to the Arts Biennale in Venice (1990), the installation Labyrinth of Faith (Labyrinth des Glaubens), which included memorabilia from the GDR and sought to be a reflection of the decay of the regime.
- Radebeul, Germany
Adriana Zaharijević studied political science at the University in Belgrade. She is a junior researcher at the Faculty of Political Sciences. At present she is also a co-director of the Women’s Studies Center. She has been employed at the Institute of Philosophy and Social Theory since 2013, and since 2016 she has been working as an assistant professor at the University of Novi Sad.
In addition, she was previously program director of the Third Program of Radio Belgrade from 2004 to 2011. Since 2003 Zaharijević has been a member of the Association of Literary Translators of Serbia. Her fields of interest are political philosophy, contemporary feminist theory and history of the nineteenth century. She has published two monographs and over sixty works, which she has presented in Serbia and around the world. Her current theoretical interests are in the field of critical engagement. Key publications of Zaharijević include Somebody Said Feminism? (ed., 2007, 2008); Becoming A Woman (2010); “Radical Feminism” in Introduction to Gender Theories (Novi Sad, 2011).
- Belgrade, Serbia
Jan Zahradníček was a Czech poet, writer, translator, critic, and journalist. He is known for his Catholic and anti-communist poetry. His first poems appeared in 1924 in Studentský časopis. Zahradníček subsequently contributed to many other journals and newspapers (e.g. Tvar, Listy pro umění a kritiku, Archa, Host, Literární noviny, Kvart, Lidové noviny). His first collection of poems, entitled Pokušení smrti (The Temptation of Death), was published in 1930. In 1929 and 1930 Zahradníček passed librarian exams. He edited the literary review Akord (1940–1948) and worked as an editor at Brněnské tiskárny publishing house (1945–1949). After the Communist coup of February 1948, Zahradníček was expelled from the Union of Czechoslovak Writers because of his Catholic and anti-communist attitudes. In June 1951, he was accused of espionage and subversions against the Communist regime and arrested. A year later, he was sentenced to 13 years in prison. During his imprisonment, he continued writing poetry. Poems from this period were published later, after Zahradníčekʼs death, in the collections Čtyři léta (Four years, 1969) and Dům Strach (House of Fear, 1981). These poems reflected not only his difficult life in prison, but also family tragedy – his two daughters died in 1956 from mushroom poisoning. Apart from these two collections, Zahradníčekʼs reflection of the Communist regime can be found in the poetry collections La Saletta (1947) and Znamení moci (Sign of Power, 1951). However, Znamení moci could not be published until 1990. Zahradníček was granted amnesty and released in 1960, although, due to his poor health, he died soon after his release. Before 1989, Communist authorities tried to remove Zahradníčekʼs name from the official history of Czech literature. Thus, before 1989, his work could only be published – with some exceptions during the late 1960s – as samizdat or in exile.
- Třebíč, Czech Republic
Pavel Zajíček is a Czech poet, musician, artist and was a leading figure of the Czech underground. He cooperated with the underground band Plastic People of the Universe and in 1973 he founded, together with Milan Hlavsa, the band DG 307. Zajíček wrote lyrics for these bands. In 1976, he was sentenced to a year in prison. After his release, he was a signatory to Charter 77. In 1980, he emigrated from Czechoslovakia to Sweden and later to the United States of America.
- Gothenburg, Sweden
- Mařenice, Czech Republic
- New York, United States
- Praha, Prague, Czech Republic
- Uppsala, Sweden