A starting point for kuda.org was the notion that visual culture in its institutional form and its presentation in the early 2000s was incapable of catching the interest of young people. Its members started to question which other forms and infrastructure could attract young people and provide them with a platform.
The challenges faced during the initial formation of any collective are perpetual ones, which is why kuda.org questions all types of political organizing. When should people organize? What motivates them? How do they make decisions? What is the trajectory? What are the labor dynamics of the organization? These questions are complex and they should reflect the cultural background of the whole community. While focusing on political organizing and activities of art groups, kuda.org hopes to initiate other approaches in order to extend the analysis of social infrastructure in socialism.
The year 1971 was a crucial moment in the history of Novi Sad, but because of simultaneous events in larger locales, such as the Croatian Spring, it has generally been neglected. A new generation of politicians was emerging at the time, but they nevertheless lacked an understanding of contemporary events in the arts. In Pantelić’s view Novi Sad acted in the manner of a deeply conservative environment and has remained as such ever since. The activities of kuda.org highlight this atmosphere, with which it is not willing to reconcile. That is why it undertakes research and networking. So far, around fifteen, mostly international PhD students have worked with kuda.org, researching Central European avantgarde productions.
Kuda.org brings together artists as well as people from other backgrounds, it tried to exert influence on local cultural politics and to change living and working conditions with the aim of creating better circumstances for artistic production. Furthermore, the members of the organization often question their own positions in relation to past and future events. Networking and cooperation are also among their priorities which they realize by organizing workshops and lectures. Since 2001, kuda.org has hosted lecturers in a variety of fields: engineering, IT, the arts, sociology, philosophy and other social sciences, analyzing the role of new technologies in contemporary society.
In conversation with COURAGE Pantelić stated “We have concluded that in order to explain who we are and what our position is, research has to be conducted both backward and forward. Backward, in order to analyze the neo-avantgarde constellation of things, which is reflected in art and politics, and forward in order to know the trajectory which leads to a better understanding of social phenomena.” This is the reason why The Continuous Art Class can be considered a megastructure. It is not determined by a specific framework, the poetics of each of the participants can be individually developed and will be developed in relation to the financial conditions and number of researchers. The next planned project is to publish a book on the group KÔD with Slavko Bogdanović and Miroslav Mandić, who are in possession of a rich collection of artefacts.
Another planned area of research is music, an immaterial form of work and communication. After leaving the public cultural institutions, Predrag Vranešević with his project Laboratory of Sound (Laboratorija Zvuka) and Slobodan Tišma, with La Strada, turned to music. The idea is to collect the recordings of the groups that gathered in private spaces, away from institutionalized culture, and to publish them. This area of work is conducted through the program under the working title “Lost and Found”.
Displaying trajectories makes up the core of the collection developed by kuda.org. In terms of methodology, they treat content based on historical research as grounds for new projects. They collaborate with art historians, but do not collect artwork. Publishing is an important activity for the organization and they distribute their publications through public presentations, exhibitions and other activities.
Analyzing the cultural politics of the city and of its public space, they have come to questioning the development of local politics, where they try to motivate members of the local community to organize in order to solve problems and improve the quality of life. In order to contribute to public dialogue, kuda.org established Tenant (Stanar) magazine, in which individuals write about social problems centered around housing and neighborhood.
The organization currently employs four people, though the number varies as a result of project-based financing. The core of the organization includes the web developer, program directors and administration. The organizations work is fully transparent to every member and thus everyone is able to contribute.
Other fields of activity include supporting the work of other artists or initiatives, collaboration with local political movements and support for local activism, organization of seminars, research projects (translation, symposiums, exhibitions).
- Novi Sad Braće Mogin 2, Serbia
- New Media Center_kuda.org, Collective Dedicated to Activism, Art and Politics
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The Lesbian Section LL (later called ŠKUC LL) was founded in 1987, as part of ŠKUC-Forum, the main Slovenian non-profit student and youth cultural organization. ŠKUC (an acronym for Student Cultural and Artistic Centre/Študentski kulturno-umetniški center) cites as its inspiration and birthplace the 1968 student protests. The organization itself was officially founded in 1972, in Ljubljana. In the late 1970s and 1980s, ŠKUC became the central platform for promoting and supporting the alternative cultural scene and new artistic practices in Slovenia. The organization survived the dissolution of Yugoslavia and social and political transition, remaining loyal to its original goals and leftist politics. There are several programs and thematic sections currently active within ŠKUC, such as the Gallery, the Equal Opportunities Section, a publishing section, and the ŠKUC archives.
In the mid-1980s, ŠKUC welcomed lesbian and gay groups, and supported the 1984 Magnus Film Festival dedicated to homosexuality. Lilit, the first Yugoslav feminist lesbian group, was established in 1985, and two years later it became ŠKUC LL (LL referring to Lesbian Lilith), having remained an independent organization within the broader ŠKUC network to this very day. Together with the gay group Magnus, ŠKUC LL has organized round tables, direct actions, and parties, published bulletins and other materials (Lesbozine), spoke out publicly in the mainstream press and at feminist gatherings. When appealing to the authorities, Magnus and LL act jointly, mainly via public statements, letters and editorials. Their main demands were the integration of homosexuality into socialist society, and the constitutional ban on discrimination based on sexual orientation (Velikonja and Greif 2012). A lengthy article about lesbianism in the magazine Mladina, featured on the front cover, and bearing the title “We Love Women” (”Ljubimo ženske,” Mladina, no. 37, Oct. 30, 1987, Ljubljana) is considered one of ŠKUC LL’s most recognizable and successful actions. The Week of Lesbian Cinema was held in 1988, in the ŠKUC Gallery in the very heart of Ljubljana. By the end of the 1980s, lesbian activism became an integral part of new social movements and the lively alternative cultural and club scene in Slovenia, but it also began articulating political demands and promoting the social acceptance and normalization of homosexuality. Slovenian lesbian activists made contact and lasting friendships with lesbians from other Yugoslav cities, namely Zagreb and Belgrade, and encouraged them to organize themselves and speak out publicly. ŠKUC LL continued its activities after Slovenia gained independence, and during the 1990s, the organization became one of the most active LGBT groups in the country. In cooperation with Magnus, ŠKUC LL co-founded the Roza Klub group, maintained the tradition of film festivals, published the gay and lesbian magazine Revolver, organized parties in the K4 club, fought homophobia and promoted LGBT rights and the values of an open society with equal opportunities.
At the end of 1990s, ŠKUC LL turned to sexuality and gender studies, in particular LGBT and queer theory, history and literature. The group publishes books, edited volumes and articles, for instance in special issues of Časopis za kritiko znanosti, and cooperates with academics at the University of Ljubljana. In the last 20 years, more than 30 books have been published as part of the Vizibilija series (a part of ŠKUC publishing). These consist of literature and non-fiction by Slovenian authors, and numerous translations of seminal works in gay and lesbian studies. On May 1, 2001, ŠKUC LL opened the Lesbian Library and Archive. In December 2000, preceding the establishment of the Library, a comprehensive bibliography of books and other LGBT-related writings in the Slovenian language was completed and published (Izbrana bibliografija, 2000). The Library contains mainly of foreign literary, theoretical, scientific and other writings, and a collection of newspapers and magazines. The Archive collection is focused on Slovenian materials and covers the period from the 1970s onwards. The Library’s catalogue is available online at: http://www.ljudmila.org/lesbo/knjiznica.htm.
- Ljubljana Metelkova ulica 6, Slovenia 1000
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